Writing Terms
Thesis Statement/topic sentence - the purpose of the essay and the point you are trying to make
Clincher statements - statements that bring the end of a paragraph or essay to a conclusion
Major / minor supports - finer points and details to support those points that ultimately support the thesis statement
Transitions - words used to make a smooth transition from one point to another. Used to create coherence.
Coherence/ Unity -
ties the essay together and makes it flow smoothly.

Grammar terms
Parts Of Speech:
Noun - A person, place, thing, or idea.
Verb - A word that expresses action, or a state of being.
Adjectives - A word that modifies a noun or a pronoun
Adverbs - A word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb
Pronoun - Pronouns take the place of common nouns.
Preposition - Prepositions explain a relationship between one noun and another.
Conjunction - A counjunction is a connecting word
Interjections - A word that expresses strong emotions.

Phrases/clauses:
Phrase - A phrase is a group of words that has either a subject or a verb, but not both.
Noun Phrase - A noun phrase is a noun plus all the words that modify that noun.
Verb Phrase - A verb phrase is a verb plus all the words that modify that verb.
Prepositional Phrase - A prepositional phrase is a preposition plus a noun.
Clause- A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb and is a used as a part of a sentence.
Independent Clause - An independent clause is clause that can stand alone.
Dependent Clause - A dependent clause is a clause that does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone.

Passive voice- Passive voice as opposed to active voice; passive voice is when the subject of the sentence does not perform the action; in passive voice the subject is being acted upon; in active voice the subject performs the action

Parallel structure-
Both sides of a sentence (separated by conjunction) has to be balanced, not in length, but in content

Literary Terms
Personification - a non-human object, force, idea, etc. is given the qualities of a human
Imagery- creating a life-like image of an event etc. using the five senses
Foreshadow- the use of hints or clues in a narrative to show what is to come
Simile- a comparison of two things using like or as
Metaphor- a comparison of two things without using like or as
Allusion- a brief reference to a person, place, or event that normally occurred in the past
Conflict- a struggle between two opposing forces or characters.
-man vs. man
-man vs. nature
-man vs. society
-man vs. himself